of Norwegian War Museums
Arguebus History of
The museum shows the varied aspects of war history: every
day life of civilians, seamen at war, the invasion in 1940,
the Resistance Movement and the German coastal defences.
Sign-posted from E134
Telephone: (+47) 52 77 01 00.
Stiftelsen Arkivet (The Archive Foundation)
The Arkivet Foundation is a center for information,
documentation, education, research, art and culture. The
Foundation building served as the Gestapo regional headquarters
from 1941- 45. The basement became infamous as a detention
and interrogation centre. The Foundation took over the vacated
building in 1999 and recreated the cells and torture chambers.
To illustrate the terrible events that took place here,
life-sized models of people and realistic copies of equipment
are on display. By promoting dialogue, historical reflection
and communication among different generations, the Archive
Foundation aims to promote human rights, human dignity,
peace building and conflict prevention.
Telephone: 38 10 74 00 Telefax: 38 10 74 07
The Theta Group was in operation for two
years: 1940-42. Its members were young people between the
ages of 19 and 22. Their aim was to maintain contact with
The group worked from the center of Bergen. In 1981 it was
decided that the headquarters of the group should be reconstructed
and opened to the public. The exhibition shows the office
as it was when the Germans discovered and destroyed it in
Bredsgården 1D, 5003 Bergen (Bryggen)
Telephone55 55 20 80 Telefax 55 55 20 99
Not far from Bodø
Blodveimuseet (The Bloodroad museum) –
During the war, tens of thousand prisoners of war were transported
to Nordland to build roads for the Germans. They were housed
in 54 prison camps. The work was back-breaking, the treatment
they received brutal, and many thousand died. Three of the
roads in this community are named ‘Roads of Blood’.
Few traces of the camps remained after the war, so the focus
of the museum is the tragic, but important history of the
Tel.: 75690660 / 75521640
Eidsvoll okkupasjonsmuseum (Occupation
The main focus of the museum is to show
how the occupation, and the resultant resistance, affected
the civilians of Eidsvoll and, for most of them, changed
their way of life.
Open: June, July and August.
Eidsvoll Tel.: 66 10 71 11/ 63 96 05 05
Levanger, not far from Trondheim
Falstad Center/ Memorial and Human rights
Falstad was an infamous prison for military
and political prisoners during the occupation. About 4500
prisoners from 13 nations were housed here. After the war,
Falstad was used as a prison for NS members.
The nearby Falstad woods was the scene of many executions
and is now a protected war memorial
Falstad was one of many prison camps that the Germans established
throughout Norway and was the second largest after Grini.
As at Grini, many of the prisoners were sent to concentration
camps in Germany
Tel.: 7402 8040 Fax: 7402 8041
Forsvarsmuseet (Defense Museum)
The Defence Museum illustrates the history
of Norwegian defence from the Middle-ages until after the
second world war. The exhibitions show how defense, military
thought and the reality of war are closely allied to technological,
economic and political development.
The museum is situated within the walls of Akershus Fortress,
overlooking the Oslofjord.
Tel.: 23 09 35 70 Fax: 23 09 31 90
Forsvarets flysamling på Gardemoen
(Aircraft Museum at Gardermoen).
The military aircraft collection at Gardermoen
comprises more than 30 machines that give a unique viewpoint
of Norwegian military aviation in war and peace. Exhibits
include Norway’s first aircraft ‘Start’
and irreplaceable objects from the Second World War.
Telephone: 63 92 86 60
Gjenreisningsmuseet for Finnmark og
(The reconstruction museum for Finnmark and Nord-Troms)
Our exhibits portray the dramatic events of the 2nd. World
War: forced evacuation, destruction and reconstruction,
and shows how the inhabitants built their new homes by optimism,
belief in the future and strength of will. In 1944 the ‘scorched
earth’ policy of the Germans and the forced evacuation
of the population left Finnmark and Nord-Troms desolated.
When peace came, the authorities tried to hinder the return
of the population but people ignored the order – and
the danger from mines – to start rebuilding their
Telephone: +47 78 40 29 30
Askøy near Bergen
The Herdla museum is a culture and war museum that opened
in 1955. The basic exhibits are: The establishment of Herdla,
Herdla Church and the second world war. The museum has several
films with both English and German text. Herdla is about
43 kms from Bergen – on good roads.
Telephone: 56 14 51 50
Kanonmuseum (Cannon Museum)
Welcome to the Kristiansand Cannon Museum – the "Vara
Battery". Here you will find the world's second largest
cannon ever to be mounted on land. The reason why these
gigantic cannons came to Møvik was that with the
occupation of Norway and Denmark in 1940, the Germans needed
to guard the Skagerak shipping lanes. The 38 cm cannons
here and at Hanstholm in Denmark – the shortest distance
across the Skagerak – about 116 kms, were manufactured
in Germany at the Krupp works in Essen in 1940. They are
of the same type that were installed on the battleships
‘Bismarck’ and ‘Tirpitz’.
Telephone: 38 08 50 90 Mobile: 91 34 39 38
Frei kommune, Nordmøre.
Welcome to Kvalvik Fortress, one of the best-preserved coastal
defence fortresses from the 2nd World War. Here you can
discover an important part of our history by examining the
buildings, the installations, the information placards and
the periodic special exhibitions. Guided tours may be arranged
by contacting the Culture Office.
The fortress is best approached via Kristiansund.
Lofoten Krigsminnemuseum.(Lofoten War Memorial
The background for the Lofoten Krigsminnemuseum
is the Allied raid on Lofoten on March 4, 1941. This is
considered to be the first raid of any size here in Norway
and the first setback for Hitler. After the raid, the Germans
fortified the area and constructed more bunkers per square
meter than anywhere else in Norway. The museum is located
in the old Post Office close to the Coastal Steamer pier
in Svolvær center.
Tel.: 91 73 03 28
Open in the summer months.
Nordland Red Cross
The museum is owned and operated by the Nordland District
of the Norwegian Red Cross. The exhibition shows the Narvik
Campaign of 1940, and the daily life of the civil population
during the war. The Narvik Campaign was fought at sea, on
land and in the air with participating forces from many
nations – including the French Foreign Legion. Especially
moving is the exhibit showing the conditions that prisoners
of war had to endure. There is a fine collection of vehicles,
and an expansion of the museum is in the works.
Tel : + 47 76 94 44 26
Fax: + 47 76 94 45 60
Norsk Luftfartsmuseum (Norwegian Aviation
Norsk Luftfartsmuseum is the Norwegian national museum of
aviation, and the largest of its kind in the Nordic countries.
At the museum, everyone can see for themselves what happened
when Man took the leap to the skies. It certainly did not
happen without drama.
The museum presents the foremost knowledge on Norwegian
aviation history. You will find aircraft here, of course,
but also stories, experiences and many other exciting things.
The museum is centrally located in Bodø, approximately
on the site of the German airport during the war.
Olav V gate, Bodø.
Telephone: +47 75 50 78 50
Norsk industriarbeider museum (Norwegian Industrial Workers
The museum is located in the old Vemork hydroelectric power
station. Surrounded by magnificent scenery, this impressive
building serves as a monument to the history of Norwegian
The power station was completed in 1911, and was then thought
to be the world's biggest. It supplied power to the Rjukan
saltpeter works and, after 1929, to the Vemork hydrogen
During the Second World War, Vemork became an Allied target.
It was essential to block German research into atomic fission
by halting the production of heavy water at Vemork. The
‘Atomkappløpet’ (Race for the Atom) exhibit
describes the dramatic events surrounding this all-important
chapter of the war.
Telephone: 35 09 90 00 Telefax: 35 09 90
Norges Hjemmefrontsmuseum (Norway's Resistance
Norway's Resistance Museum is housed in
an old protected building in Akershus Castle Oslo, adjoining
the memorial at the spot where Norwegian patriots were executed
by the Germans during the second world war.
The museum was established in 1966 as an independent foundation.
It is the leading Norwegian institution concerned with the
history of the occupation. Through its exhibitions, archives
and library, the museum aims to “give a true and living
picture of the tragedy and humiliation suffered by its people
when a nation is occupied.” If you only have time
to visit one museum in Norway – make sure you visit
the Norwegian Resistance Museum.
Building 21, Akershus Fortress:
Tel.: 23 09 32 80 (Office) 23 09 31 38 (Bookings)
Oscarsborg festningsmuseum (Oscarsborg
Oscarsborg Fortress’ location, in
the middle of the Oslofjord narrows, is a natural defensive
position. The fortress has guarded the entrance to Christiania
and Oslo for centuries. Oscarsborg became an icon to Norway’s
freedom because of the events during the early hours of
April 9 1940 when Col. Eriksen and his men sank the German
cruiser ‘Blücher’. This courageous action
was the single most important reason that the Royal Family
and Government were able to escape the clutches of the invading
Tel.: 64 90 42 60 Fax: 64 90 42 62
Sola near Stavanger
Rogaland Krigshistorisk(War) Museum
The Rogaland Krigshistoriske Museum is located
in the old military facility at Sola. The museum documents
and advises on local military and civil events during the
2nd. World War. The exhibition comprises equipment, texts,
photographs and a diorama plus a large collection of military
Open: April - November: Sun 12.00-16.00
Tel.: 51 65 09 90
Senter for studier av Holocaust og
(The Center for Studies of Holocaust and Religious Minorities)
The HL Center is housed in the Villa Grande
on the Bygdøy peninsula, a short bus or boat trip
from Oslo center. Vidkun and Marie Quisling lived here during
the war and re-named the house Gimle.
The Center presents a modern exhibition on the Holocaust.
Images, sounds, film, items and text document the genocide
of the European Jews, as well as the Nazi State’s
mass murder and persecution of other peoples and minorities.
Telephone: 22 84 21 00 Telefax: 22 84 21 01
The Rustkammer in Trondheim is one of the
oldest museums in Norway. Beside the imposing Cathedral
is the Archbishop’s Manor and here, in the loft above
the Rustkammer (Armorial chamber), is the Home Front’s
section of the defence museum. One can follow the course
of the war from the first days in April to the final drama.
From placards, tableaux, audio recording and diorama the
story of oppression, resistance, sabotage and the daily
life of the city is unfolded.
Daily June l –August 31
Mon – Fri 0900 - 1500
Sat – Sun 1100 - 1600
Telephone: 73 99 52 80/81/82/83